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JUNE, 1903 







JUNE, 1903 












Number 22. Fifty Cents a Year. June, 1903. 


The exercises of Commencement Week were opened on May 3 1st with 
the baccalaureate sermon, by the Right Reverend A. M. Randolph, Bishop 
of Southern Virginia. The editors of The Record regret that space allows 
only a brief abstract of this able sermon, as of the other memorable ad- 

The subject of the sermon was Law, the text being found in Romans, 
VIII :3-4 : ' 'For what the Law could not do, in that it was weak through 
the flesh, God sending His own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for 
sin condemned sin in the flesh : that the righteousness of the law might be 
fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but aftsr the Spirit." 

There is an apparent antagonism between law and gospel, between faith 
and works as means of human salvation. The doctrine of good works is 
subversive of Christianity. Conformity to any law by itself cannot redeem 
human nature. 

On the other hand, St. Paul pleads for Justification by Faith, saying: 
Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds 
of the law. But he does not mean that a man is justified if he lives in 
violation of the laws of God and of man. 

The law for righteousness was the old Jewish law and had accomplished 
its purpose. So Christ is the end of that law. 

The Jews were an elect nation, but misconceived the meaning of their 
election. God intended them to be vehicles for His truth. But they 
thought of God as belonging to them instead of Israel as belonging to God, 
as the channel of an universal religion. And yet the Jew came to believe 
that God loved the rest of the world and wished them to be saved. But 
he was fanatical enought to believe that the only way a Gentile could be 


saved was to become a Jew: his law, his ritual, his circumcision, his 
church were necessary to salvation. 

So after the coming of Christ, the Jews, who were in the majority in 
the churches, held that the Gentiles must become Jews before they could 
become Christians. St. Paul had to fight this idea with powerful argu- 

Law, in the text, is not this old law alone, it is law which is neces- 
sary to civilization. St. Paul says this law is weak as compared with the 
Gospel. We think of law as strong. Without it, society would be anar- 
chy, it makes civilization instead of barbarism. Law in the family is 
is among our earliest recollections. Again in the educational life there are 
principles of law controlling and training us, not technical law, but intel- 
lectual and spiritual. Here one can learn the "tremendous law of human 
life and destiny, that neither men nor nations can live by bread alone, but 
by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God." 

Again, when one goes out into the larger life he finds law very powerful. 
One's comforts, life, and welfare are dependent upon law. England's law 
and courts of justice have turned India from wars of robbery and violence, 
which would have brought extinction, to a land of temporal prosperity. 

The theme of the Merchant of Venice is the "majesty of the law." 
Antonio the beloved and trusted citizen must keep his contract with Shy- 
lock the despised Jew. Law teaches men that they are a part of the com- 
munity and the safety of lhe community is of more importance than the 
good of the individual. And yet it teaches the opposite lesson too. If we 
violate it, we must face it alone. No one can help to pay the penalty. So 
it teaches us our individuality. 

How then does St. Paul mean that the law is weak? Law is only pre- 
paratory. St. Paul says it is our "School master to bring us to Christ." 
The law teaches the same lessons as the Gospel, but it is the elementary 
school for something higher than itself. 

Law cannot make character. The law can only take cognizance of 
facts. The heart is beyond the law. "Law can only lay hold upon sin 
as it breathes out upon the surface; the seething caldron of evil desires is 
underneath all the time." In this is the weakness of the law. 

When Christianity came, Rome had a most complete system of law; yet 
was rotting underneath. Lord Bacon had the greatest legal mind the 
English race has produced, yet his soul was corrupted. 


So the ohuroh believes the words of the text, thai the law is weak. It 

follows Christ and looks for His spirit for help. This Idea of the in- 
dwelling spirit of Ohrisl is the Last thing that a sinful man wants to be- 
lieve. "It is too close a neighborhood with infinite purity and infinite 
love and Light." The spirit of this world says to God : Rule in your own 
Kingdom and leave me to mine. But the church continues to preach the 
truth and invite God to enter the human heart and dwell there. It says, 
"Come Lord to me and dwell in me. I know that Thou art the way, the 
truth, the life. Thou didst suffer for me. Thou art my Shepherd and I 
will follow Thee. Thou art my High Priest, touched with a feeling of 
mine infirmities. Thou intercedest at the right hand of God, and all my 
sins, my time, and my eternity I leave to Thee." 

In the evening, the Reverend Thomas R. English, of the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary at Richmond, preached before the Young Men's Christian 
Association, taking as passages for his text Job 111:20-23, Eccles. 11:11, 
17, Phil. 1:21. 

In the first two passages, we have the utterances of two individuals 
widely separated in point of time and circumstance: one an example of the 
most abject misery, while to the lips of the other was pressed every cup of 
human joy; and yet both alike emphatically declare that life is not worth 
living. These are by no means isolated cases, for in every age that bitter 
cry of Job has been reechoed by groaning multitudes, while countless 
others have found life as vain and empty as did the king of Israel. 
Lord Byron and Goethe furnish striking examples of the unsatisfying 
nature of earthly good, even under the most favorable circumstances. 

This raises the question whether or not life is worth living. The 
answer must depend entirely upon the standpoint from which life is viewed. 
A scaffold may be a miserable failure, considered as a work of art, and yet 
a success for the purpose for which it was intended. We must 
first then ask the question, For what was life intended by its 
author? The ordinary view is that it is bounded by the cradle 
and the grave, and having no necessary connection with the 
future : a means of present enjoyment, whether sensual, social, or 
intellectual. If this is the true view of life, then it must be pronounced a 
failure. As to the wretched majority of the race, there can be no possible 
question, seeing that the ills they are called to endure far outweigh its 


joys. But even in the case of the more fortunate, life is spent in the an- 
ticipation of joys which too often never come. "We never live, but are 
always about to live. ' ' The very word ' 'pastime" which we apply to social 
amusements, records the conviction that the best thing we can do with 
time is to get rid of it, and the more quickly it flies the better. 

If it is objected that if men considered life of so little value they would 
fling it away, it is sufficient to observe that God has hedged 'life about 
by a double wall, the fear of something after death, and the instinct of 
life; and yet in spite of all this how many fling it away as an intolerable 
burden! No, if life is given us solely as a means of enjoyment, then both 
it and its giver alike are a miserable failure! 

But before deciding this question, let us consider for a moment the 
theory of life propounded in the third passage: "For to me, to live is 
Christ, and to die is gain." In the view of the Apostle, Christ is the sun 
and centre about which life revolves, and a Christless life is a vain and 
empty thing. To him life was of inestimable value, because: 

(1) It gave him an opportunity to know and win Christ, a prize which 
cast every other into the shade, bringing to him "wisdom, and righteous- 
ness, and sanctification, and redemption." 

(2) It gave him an opportunity of serving Christ, a service soul-satis- 
fying, ennobling, and bringing the richest rewards. 

(3) It gave him an opportunity of growing Christ-like, and becoming 
conformed to His image, and this to him became a consuming passion. 

(4) To one leading such a life, death was "gain," rendering his posses- 
sion complete, his service untrammelled, and his likeness perfect. 

One has truly said: "The one thing that saves this life from being con- 
temptible is the thought of another," and the Apostle himself says: "If in 
this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable." 
If this life be the vestibule of life eternal, it is worth living, though clouds 
of darkness be about us, and every breath a groan. 

When Copernicus discovered that the sun was the true centre of our 
system, order came out of confusion, and the seeming erratic movements 
of certain heavenly bodies were seen to be in perfect conformity to law. 
So, in like manner, while life revolves around self, we are appalled and 
confounded by the evils that overtake us, but when we see that Christ is 
the true centre about which our lives should revolve, then we can rejoice 


even in tribulations, knowing that " onr light affliotion, which is I tut for a 
moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory." 


Instead of the customary reunions, the members of the Dialectic and 
Philanthropic Societies gave this year a joint banquet in Commons Hall. 
It was largely attended by old members and young, and was so much en- 
joyed by all that it will be given annually hereafter. Mr. Graham H. 
Andrews acted as toastmaster, and made an address of welcome, to which 
Judge Fred. Philips, of '58, responded. For the Societies, Mr. Charles 
Ross spoke on "The Societies Today" and Mr. R. W. Herring on "The 
Place of the Societies in the University." Dr. C. Alphonso Smith made 
clear the "The Literary Value of the Societies," and Dr. Kemp P. Battle, 
of '4i», gave some interesting "Reminiscences." Judge Walter Clark, of 
'64, made the principal address of the evening on "The Greater Univer- 
sity," an earnest plea for the proper support of an institution which has 
done so much for .he State, while the "appropriations from the State have 
been simply pitiful." Judge Clark expressed the feeling of all who were 
present when he said: "I trust that this is the precursor of an unbroken 
line of similar reunions, extending far, far into the future, and into sum- 
mers that we shall not see." 


Tuesday was largely devoted to Class Day exercises. The President, 
Mr. R. S. Stewart, made the address of welcome, and the history was 
read by Mr. R. W. Herring; the prophecy, by Mr. T. J. Gold; the last will 
and testament, by Mr. G. L. Jones; statistics, by Mr. Z. V. Judd. After 
the exercises around the Davie Poplar, Mr. H. R. McFadyen made an ad- 
dress in presentation of the class gift, a handsome electrolier and other 
electric light fixtures for the Chapel, and Senator Lee S. Overman, in an 
eloquent address, accepted the gift for the Trustees. 

The Alumni luncheon in Commons Hall was one of the most enjoyable 
features of the week. The President of the Association, Col. Thomas S. 
Kenan, presided, and Judge Philips acted as toastmaster. There were no 
set speeches, but delightful talks were made by Governor Aycock, Col. 
Kenan, Judge F. D. Winston, Hon. Thos. W. Mason, Dr. W. J. Holland, 


Mr. Geo W. Watts, President Mclver, Superintendent Joyner, Speaker 
Gattis, Mr. Josephus Daniels, Dr. J. B. Killebrew, Mr. J. S. Hill, Mr. R. 
S. Stewart, President Venable and others. 

Alumni Address, by John Sprunt Hill, Esquire. 

Mr. Hill is one of the University's sons who went to live in a distant 
state, achieved great success in his profession as a lawyer, and is now re- 
turning to make his home again in North Carolina. It is a pity to spoil 
his excellent address by printing mere extracts from it. 

"I have come here today on a mission of love and devotion to the State 
that gave me birth, and to the institution of learning that gave me a 
thousand times more than I can ever repay. The force of my remarks, 
therefore, will be directed toward doing something for the good of the 
University, and if by chance I shall strike out into new fields and make 
statements that may not meet with your approbation, I beg you to measure 
my effort by the spirit that prompts it rather than by the manner of its 


The Legislature of 1789, in pursuance to the mandate of the first consti- 
tution, providing that "All useful learning shall be duly encouraged and 
promoted in one or more universities," passed "An Act to establish a Uni- 
versity in this State." This act made full and complete provisions for the 
organization of the institution. Forty of her greatest men, representing 
all sections of the State, were declared to be a "body politic and corporate," 
under the name of "The Trustees of the University of North Carolina," 
(the corporate name is now "The University of North Carolina"), and 
were granted perpetual succession. They were authorized to hold all 
kinds of property "for the use of said University," in "special trust and 
confidence," that the "profits shall be applied to, and for, the use and pur- 
pose of establishing and endowing said University." One week after re- 
ceiving the Charter, the Trustees met for organization, accepted the charter 
and began to solicit subscriptions from private individuals ' 'to be held as 
a permanent fund for the University forever." In 1795 the institution 
became fully organized and opened its doors to students. There are many 
early decisions of our courts throwing some light upon this subject, but 
it remains for our truly great jurist, Thomas Ruffin, to lay down the full 


Legal principles governing this oharter and defining the exaol legal Btatus 
of the University in : i manner so clear and bold thai his opinion has be 
come a Leading authority, and is oited all over the country, in the i 
Trustees of University vs. Maultsby, 8 Iredell's Equity, 25s (1863), Chief 
Justice Ruftin says. "The University is a public institution and body 

politic and hence subject to legislative control It was founded by 

the State on public funds and for a general public charity It 

scents to the court that there cannot be an instance of a corporation more 
exclusively founded for the public, more completely the creature of public 
policy, for public purposes purely, than the University of North Carolina. 
It is as much so as other public functionaries, the President and Directors 

of a Literary Board, and the Board of Public Works " In the 

same case Chief Justice Ruffin shows how such a public charitable corpor- 
ation differs from the denominational college or private charitable corpor- 
ation in the following words, "Charters of corporations founded by 
individuals on their own funds for their own emoluments or for the pur- 
poses of education or other general charity are contracts of inviolable 
obligation The admission and exclusion of members, the qualifi- 
cation of directors and trustees, the mode of keeping up their succession 
and the government of such corporations are absolutely fixed by the 
charter." The paramount reason for the establishment of such private, 
charitable institutions for higher education in North Carolina has always 
been the free education of ministerial students, and as a subsequent de- 
velopment all young men of good character, irrespective of creed, were ad- 
mitted, in order that the fees paid by them might help to support the 
institution. The theory behind the establishment is about as follows: 
It is the duty of a body of persons of like religious opinions to educate their 
candidates for the ministry; educated ministers in time make intelligent 
worshipers, and these individual worshipers finally impart the lasting 
benefits of education to the entire community. Hence the State exempts 
such institutions from taxation, protects, fosters and encourages them. 
Legally they are the friends and allies of the State, and of the State's insti- 
tution for the promotion and encouragement of "All useful learning "—its 
University. Benevolence is the mainspring of their existence. 


And so it was with our forefathers. Was it a mere accident of history 


that caused these sturdy sons of North Carolina during the darkest hours 
of the Revolution, just after the surrender of New York, to meet for the 
framing of the first constitution of a free people, and "with faith ap- 
proaching sublimity," write down into their supreme law "a school or 
schools shall be established by the Legislature for the convenient instruc- 
tion of youth, with such salaries to the masters paid by the public as may 
enable them to instruct at low prices, and all useful learning shall be duly 
encouraged and promoted in one or more universities?" No, it was be- 
cause the blood of the Revolution gave to our fathers a new educational 

Those of you who have been to that little burying ground by the road- 
side, as you go toward the valley from the old home of Thomas Jefferson, 
and have seen the words cut into the marble there, "Author of the Declar- 
ation of American Independence, of the Statute of Virginia for Religious 
Freedom, and Father of the University of Virginia," can follow the grand 
sequence of ideas, and tell why the patriots of North Carolina gave us a 
university. It is said of the University of Virginia that it is the "length- 
ened shadow of one man— JEFFERSON. ' ' The University of North Car- 
olina is the lengthened shadow, not of one man, but of a whole people, the 
"freest of the free," united in a grand struggle for civil and religious 
liberty. It represents their sublime confidence in the justice of their cause 
as well as their abiding hope in its eternal usefulness. In those days, as 
it should now, the right of private judgment presupposed sufficient intel- 
ligence in the individual to arrive at an intelligent judgment. Educated 
citizenship, therefore, was the rock on which the whole structure of their 
new democratic government rested. Hence, it was the first duty of the 
State to secure an educated citizenship and provide for its maintenance 
and support. Believing firmly that the preservation of the blessings of 
liberty to themselves and to all posterity rested upon the education of the 
youth of the State, they were afraid to leave a matter of such momentous 
importance to benevolence and philanthropy and to private enterprise. 
Hence, to the ideas already in existence favoring education for the preser- 
vation of learning, for the social, moral and religious improvement, the 
Revolution brought the new educational baptism and for all future time 
the dominating idea of education , as a means of self-defense, self -protec- 
tion and as the best means of preserving civil and religious liberty and 
transmitting it to posterity. 


Our fathers regarded this University as a Public trust just as much as 
the common schools. Look behind the clamor of the orowd Pot public 
schools today, and you will t'md. far or near, the brains and labors of Buch 
men as Battle, Craven, Morrison, Winston, Alderman, Venable. No prin- 
ciple in educational science is better established than the fact that the 
desire for education starts from the top and travels downward, and not 
from the bottom upwards. Says United States Commissioner Dawson, 
who during his term of office made a most extensive study of education in 
the United States, "In every instance the foremost desire of the people has 
been for colleges and universities, rather than for schools of lower grade. 
It was the opinion of the colonists and of the early settlers of the West and 
the South, that primary and secondary schools were essentially dependent 
for their existence upon higher institutions. This principle is borne out 

by the facts The necessity for higher education for the support of 

the primary schools is now regarded as a. fundamental truth." It is signifi- 
cant that in both Pennsylvania and North Carolina, the first two States in 
the Union to take bold stands in their constitutions for education, the 
University and the common schools are placed on the same footing, 
and the demand for the university came forty years before the demand 
for the public schools. The first school established in New England 
was not a primary school, but a college. 


How abundantly the hopes of our fathers in establishing this institution 
have been fulfilled is a grand and glorious record. Its story brings a thrill 
of pride to the heart of every loyal son of the "Old North State." But the 
widespread usefulness of this University has become such common knowl- 
edge to this gathering that I shall not delay you to recount its details. Per- 
mit me in passing to recall a brief tribute from Judge Archibald Murphey, 
the "Father of the Public School System" in North Carolina, found in 
his official report to the Legislature in 1817. "This institution has been in 
operation for twenty' years and has been eminently useful to the State. 
It has contributed, perhaps more than any one cause, to diffuse a taste for 
reading among rhe people and to excite a spirit of liberal improvement." 
One has but to look around him in our State today to see the splendid ex- 
amples of the effective fruitfulness and public service of this institution. 
Closed for nearly ten years during the dark days of reconstruction, out of 


the first three classes after the reopening came those peerless examples of 
public service, Charles B. Aocock, James Y. Joyner, and Charles D. Mc- 
Iver. What a splendid fulfillment of the sublime hopes of those great 
hearted, self-sacrificing men, who, thirty years ago "plucked this Univer- 
sity from the weeds, ' ' and gave back to our poverty stricken people the 
best means of preserving their liberties and of upbuilding their fortunes. 


But while the laying bare of basis principles, and the recounting of 
glorious memories may be interesting and edifying to some of us, I take it 
that the imperative duty of every one of this gathering of her loyal sons is 
to come down to business and lend his aid toward the formation of some 
definite plan providing for the pressing needs of our Alma Mater. This is 
a day of large ideas, of great community effort, of gigantic business un- 
dertakings, and North Carolina is right up in the forefront of this im- 
mense progress. During the last twenty-five years she has become a great 
industrial community. She is no longer poor and helpless. The city of 
Raleigh alone has more money in her banks than all the banks had twenty- 
five years ago. Mere magnitude in business no longer frightens our 
people. Why therefore should mere magnitude in educational matters 
frighten them? Is it not the paramount duty of this body to give to our 
University the opportunity of keeping pace with the progress of the times, 
of moving on to its greater destiny, its higher life, its broader field of use- 
fulness? Is it not time for us to begin the work of making this institution 
a great Southern States' University, a modern directive force, commensu- 
rate with the demands of our people and alert to all their growing needs? 
President Venable has already answered the question in the affirmative, 
and with hope and enthusiasm is devoting his brains and his energies to 
the Herculean task. The greatness of his sacrifice, for without doubt 
his salary can no more than pay his living expenses, the nobility of his 
effort, the wonderful f ruitf ulness of his labors, the number and magnitude 
of his pressing needs enlist our deepest sympathy, invoke the highest ad- 
miration, and call for our most earnest and intelligent co-operation. This 
work will require the best men and we want from them the best service. 
Let us not beat down the market that we may purchase mediocrity cheap. 
But let us stand shoulder to shoulder behind our splenditl standard bearer 
and give him the support that he demands. A university which has all it 


wants has already begun to deoline, and a president of a university who 
is not always wanting something, should hand in his resignation. I fig- 
ured up the first eight Deeds enumerated in Dr. Venable's report, under 
the head of 'Teaching Force," and they call for about $12,000 a year. 
The remaining pressing needs mentioned under the head of "Equipment" 
call for about f 400, 000. In the light of the foregoing discussion it seems 
to me that the Legislature is the proper place to look for help in providing 
for an increased teaching force, and that today we need not turn the ener- 
gies of this body in that direction. 

Indeed in view of the great demand for teachers for the primary and 
secondary schools all over the State it would seem to be the plain duty of 
the Legislature fo comply with the mandate of the Constitution requiring 
it to "establish and maintain in connection with the University, a depart- 
ment of Normal Instruction," and to appropriate at the next session suffi- 
cient funds for this new department. 

It appears from the constitutional history of this State that for more 
than one hundred years the people when acting in their sovereign capacity 
have steadily and almost unanimously voted for the University. It is safe 
therefore, to lay aside all fear in this respect and to start with the dictum 
of Judge Locke in 1805, "The University is as permanent as the govern- 

It is always the first duty of the guardians of monies of a democratic 
people to make the burdens of taxation rest as lightly upon the shoulders 
of the general public as the circumstances will permit. But where an in- 
stitution for higher education is a public corporation, for the benefit of the 
whole people, and under the control of the whole people, I do think that 
we have the right to expect the hearty co-operation of the people's repre- 
sentatives. We have the right to expect their aid in improvising methods 
for bringing to the support of this public, charitable corporation the pow- 
erful assistance of benevolence and philanthropy, the love and the interest 
and the wealth of thousands of high minded men and women scattered 
over this State and throughout the whole country. 

This institution no longer belongs exclusively to the residents of North 
Carolina. It is the Alma Mater of men scattered all over the world. One 
good live alumnus on the Board of Trustees residing in the City of New 
York alone, has the opportunity of doing more for this University than 


five average men residing in North Carolina and picked in our easy going 
manner of equitable distribution of honorable distinctions. I know 
whereof I speak. Far be it from my nature to find any fault with the 
public service of this distinguished body, of which my father was a mem- 
ber almost up to the time of his death. But with love and reverence, I 
must speak plainly about a matter that I know, and you know, to be a 
serious handicap to the progress of the institution that we love to the bot- 
tom of our hearts. 

No institution on earth has a more tender hold upon the affections of the 
individual alumnus than this University. The love of the old Chapel Hil- 
lian for his Alma Mater evokes all the poetry that lies hidden in his inner- 
most heart. Locate him where you will, in New York, Chicago, Galves- 
ton, his love for this hallowed place follows him on and on. It is a part of 
his life. He is like the vase in which roses have been instilled, 

"You may break, you may shatter the vase if you will, 
But the scent of the roses will cling to it still." 

And yet with all this individual attachment and individual enthusiasm, 
all attempts to organize the Alumni into a strong working body have sig- 
nally failed. Why? Because sweet reminiscence will occasionally bring 
men together to laugh, to speak and to weep, and maybe in an outburst 
of spasmodic enthusiasm some important business will be transacted. But 
in order to secure the steady pressure, the powerful force of organized en- 
thusiasm, year in and year out, you must have organized business of large im - 
portance constantly engaging their attentions and calling for responsible 
action. What makes men of affairs come from Chicago and Cincinnati 
to New Haven, Connecticut, every year? It is because the Alumni have 
some official standing in the affairs of Yale University, and there is an elec- 
tion of a number of their body as ' 'Members of the Corporation." 


It is believed by many of us that if the Legislature will pass an Act em- 
powering the Alumni Association of the University of North Carolina to 
elect twenty-six members or one-third of the Board of Trustees in its own 
way, it will that moment breathe new life into the dead bones of the Alum- 
ni Association, and a thoroughly organized body of men will quickly spring 
into existence that will every day in the year render powerful assistance 
in carrying the burdens of the University and in supplying equipment for 
its greater progress and its higher development. The plan of giving to the 


Alumni a business standing in the management and support of higher in- 
stitutions of learning is not a new one. It has already been adopted in 
many Localities, and has invariably proven productive of splendid results. 
Such i» ti innovation, while in no manner destroying the safety of the mul- 
titude will, in the Light of experience in other States, shake; off the 
shackles of inertia, bring to the Board new blood, new educational enthu 
siasm and new capacity for expansion and progress. 

May we not learn with profit the lesson of many other institutions, and 
expect through the organized body of a strong Alumni Association to reach 
the volunteer, the philanthropist, the man who gives aid to education for 
the preservation of learning, for the cause of benevolence, for the purpose 
of establishing grand and everlasting memorials to families? Our fore- 
fathers believed in uniting the system of supporting education for the sake 
of benevolence with the system of supporting it as a means of preserving 
their liberties. Is there any valid reason why we should turn our backs 
upon the happy marriage? Because the whole people contribute fifty 
thousand dollars a year to the support of an institution for higher educa- 
tion as a permanent investment in good citizenship is not likely to drive 
away from its support the believer in benevolence and philanthropy. On 
the contrary, world -hearted men and women will be attracted to its sup- 
port by the knowledge that the "University is as permanent as the gov- 
ernment," that "it stands on higher grounds than other aggregate corpor- 
ations" that the "trusteeship is of the whole people" binding themselves 
through their corporate agents "in special trust and confidence to apply" 
each of their benefactions "to the exact purpose for which it was created 
and exists." They will be all the more inclined to give, by the knowledge 
of the people's guarantee of permanent support, permitting and securing 
a broader and a higher field of usefulness, imposing a binding and a last- 
ing obligation in public service, and breathing the fire of the love of coun- 
try into the beauty of the love of God. 

I have no hesitation in saying that the first duty of an organized Alum- 
ni Association is to devise means of sending home to the minds of our own 
home people, as well as abroad a clear knowlege of the relation of this 
University to the whole people, its public service, its record of achieve- 
ments, its pressing needs, its momentous possibilities, and most of all its 
glorious opportunities for making benefactions a thousand times effective. 
The December report of the President is a great step in this direction. But 


in my humble opinion much more will have to be done before we may ex- 
pect to uproot the prejudice, overcome the inertia, awakeu the interest, 
and draw to our support the sympathy of many men in this State whose 
aid the University needs and s< > richly deserves. 


The story of the Deems Fund is in many respects a happy illustration, 
not only of the channels through which great philanthropists can be reach- 
ed, but especially of the wonderful fruitfulness of gifts to this institution. 
Some twenty years ago, as a memorial to the young son of Dr. Charles F. 
Deems, Mr. William H. Vanderbilt, of New York, supplemented the small 
gift of $300 from Dr. Deems with the gift of $10,000 to the University to be 
loaned, principal and interest, to such young men as need help in order 
to secure an education. Up to the first of July, 1902, this fund had not only 
aided three hundred and eighty-two faithful, active Anglo-Saxon youths 
to get a college education, but had increased by repayment of loans and 
interest until the whole fund amounted to $21,733.79, or more than 100 per 
cent. A splendid tribute to the industry and honor of the kind of men we 
raise down here in old North Carolina! There is pressing need for more 
money of this kind. Three-fourths of the six hundred students here today 
are the sons of poor men, or are here as the result of money borrowed or 
earned. "During the fall of 1900," says President Venable, in reporting 
yearly expenses, "about two-thirds of the students handed in accounts of 
their expenses, and from these accounts it was seen that those students 
who paid no tuition (holding scholarships) and also received their board as 
waiters, averaged $63.60 for all expenses, exclusive of clothing and travel. 
Those paying no tuition but board (about $8.00 per month), averaged $144.61, 
and lastly the average expenses of the student paying tuition and board 
were $265.25." Well may the University be proud of this record. Can 
there be any more fruitful philanthropy than the aiding of worthy young 
men to get an education at such an institution ? 


During the last few years there has grown up throughout the length and 
breadth of North Carolina a great number of small libraries in connection 
with the public schools and the graded schools. The number is now over 
five hundred, I believe. Such libraries are indicative of the birth of a 
greatly increased demand for reading and knowledge. Unless an infant 

I'll: IUD 

library can reoeive constat direction and supporl from capable and intel- 
ligent sources, it is not likely to gel much further than its swaddling clothes. 
Very tVw people have any knowledge of the ways and means of running 
Libraries. Such information is not picked up at oountry cross roads and 
in village factories. Library economy isa special branch of human knowl- 
edge, acquired by a few intelligent people after years of persistent study 
and extensive experience. Already in some parts of the country the force 
and value of these truths have been quickly grasped and complete State 
library systems established whereby the independence of the local library 
is preserved, but opportunity is given its management to acquire a practi- 
cal knowledge of books and of methods of conducting a library from a 
great central source of expert information of library economy. Today 
there is no great library in North Carolina, no general knowledge of library 
economy, no great source of library inspiration. The library at the 
University is probably the best equipped in the State, but a feeling of sad- 
ness must needs come over the heart of every loyal son of our beloved 
State when his eyes fall upon our University library equipment. The 
building shelters 40,000 volumes and 20,000 pamphlets, but many of them 
are necessarily packed and jammed away in such a fashion as to largely 
destroy their usefulness. What is a library without research rooms, con- 
sultation rooms, seminary compartments, with but little room for the gen- 
eral reader, and less for the real scholar and none for the specialist, the 
man who digs down to the bottom of research and brings out the pure 
gold of human learning from the treasure houses of the world? Will not 
some philanthropist come to our aid and erect a memorial library building 
on this beautiful campus, with sufficient funds for equipment? Will not 
some great-hearted son or daughter of the "Old North State" give our peo- 
ple a great library, the head of /he library system of the State, to illumine 
the homes of all the people of every creed and of every station, and show 
them the hidden paths to the kindly fruits of earth and to the eternal bless- 
ings of Heaven? Pearls and palaces and diamonds and dinners will 
vanish with the tolling of a bell, great fortunes will be made and lost in 
a century in a whirl-pool of luxury and extravagance, princes will follow 
princes in the lengthening cycles of debauchery and corruption, but the 
rich fruits from this, the most beautiful flower of philanthropy in the gar- 
den of your nativity, will give ever increasing hope and happiness to 
your people and prove immortal and divine ! 



We stand here today in Gerrard Hall, built a half century ago from pro- 
ceeds of the sale of lands of Major Charles Gerrard, bought with his blood 
in war for civil and religious liberty. Students and professors are called to 
worship here, and yet one-third of the persons summoned are unable to 
find seats. Within five years more, two-thirds of the students and profes- 
sors will be unable to find seats at these morning prayers/ The religious 
life af the University is largely in the care of the Young Men's Christian 
Association. Over sixty per cent, of the students and all the professors 
are church members, and about two hundred are members of the Associa- 
tion. 'Twice a week evening prayers are held by the Association. Four 
Sunday schools in the nearby country are supported by the Association, 
and it maintains also a weekly service in a nearby cotton mill. Morning 
classes in Sunday school with an attendance of from one to two hundred are 
taught by the professors. Says President Venable in his report, ' 'They have 
no suitable rooms for their Bible class meetings. No general assembly hall, 
no reading room and no library." Church people of North Carolina, let 
me ask you if this is not the greatest strategic point in the entire State for 
those religious operations that seek to touch the heart of higher life and 
quicken its beats with the universal love of the Father ? As an illustra- 
tion of the strategic importance of this institution from a religious stand- 
point permit me to recall the sublime work of Joseph Caldwell, who for 
thirty years was the "Atlas on whose shoulders our University world rest- 
ed," and who during a large part of the time was the controlling spirit of 
the Presbyterian Church in North Carolina and Chairman of the Board 
of Trustees of the Union Theological Seminary in Virginia. It was the 
voice of Joseph Caldwell standing in the pulpits of this University that 
more than any other man, with the thunderbolts of his giant intellect, 
hurled back the furious thraldom of infidelity that swept over our State 
and threatened to encompass it forever in the darkness of life without 
hope, of mind without God. Is it not time to fling away Lilliputian ideas 
and let heaven born benevolence join hands with Self- Protection in the 
erection of a splendid Temple of Evangel upon this campus, commensurate 
with the needs of the religious life of this University? 

This is no place for sectarian mediocrity. It is the true home of the 
Young Men's Christian Association, and a grand field for the great Evan- 

mi; i NIVBRS1 i V RECORD I'-' 

gelisl of every denomination. I remember that during my senior year all 
but three students joined in the wort of a great evangelisl and evening 
prayers were held on many of the floors of these buildings. It may be 
observed thai several of tin- Leading Christian men of the State t<> day re- 
ceived their religious awakening at Ohapel Hill in the spring meetings of 


Before closing, allow me to call the attention of this body, and so far as 
I may be able, that of the whole State to another department of this Uni- 
versity, which from necessity has been sadly neglected, but which in the 
course of time will prove its crowning glory. I refer to the graduate de- 
partment of which President Venable in painful candor says, "No special 
effort has been made to develop this department, as the strength of the 
faculty is taxed by the large number of undergraduate students." It is in 
this direction that the individual with moderate means can wisely and 
with great profit to the University and to its work in upbuilding the State, 
give the smaller contributions in keeping with the state of his exchequer 
and along the lines in which he may be strongly interested. 

Fellow Alunmi, and especially you young men, we owe to this University 
a thousand times more than we can ever repay. We owe to the State 
and to the noble men and women who have given their hearts and their 
treasures to this institution a debt of great public service. Moved by the 
love in our own hearts that sends its warmth down into our very souls, 
and that lifts its beauty up to the face of high Heaven, let us make a great 
common effort to take up the burdens that our fathers have so faithfully 
carried and lift up to a higher plane of strength and usefulness this grand 
old guardian of the civil and religious liberties of the people of North Car- 


To these ends, Mr. President, I now desire to contribute permanently 
the yearly income derived from four thousand dollars. And it is my wish 
that during the coming year, this income be given to the fund for the 
erection of a building for the religious needs of this institution and there- 
after to go toward the establishment of a fellowship in North Carolina 


History in connection with the University, but open to all students of all 
institutions for higher education in the State." 

Tuesday of commencement week is always a busy day. After the Alum- 
ni luncheon, the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees, largely attend- 
ed, was held. Their important actions are noted elsewhere. In the even- 
ing, the annual debate between representatives of the Dialectic and Phil- 
anthropic Societies, for the Bingham prize, took place. It was won by the 
Dialectic Society. A pleasant reception, given by the President and Fac- 
ulty, ended the day. 


At 10:15 the academic procession entered Memorial Hall. Four of the 
Seniors, selected as speakers, delivered orations: Messrs. T. J. Gold, B. F. v 
Huske, C. A. Bynum, and C. E. Maddry. The Mangum medal was won 
by Mr. C. E. Maddry, who is County Superintendent of Public Instruction 
in Orange county, in an oration on "The Duty of the South to the Coun- 
try Boy." 

The commencement address by Dr. William J. Holland, Director of the 
Carnegie Museum at Pittsburg, will be published separately and in full. 
His subject was "The Opportunities and Duties of Educated Men in Rela- 
tion to the South of the Future." The address made a profound impres- 
sion on the large and interested audience. 

The President made the following announcements: Dr. Charles 
Wyche, of St. Louis, has established the Hunter Lee Harris Medal, for the 
best story published in The University Magazine. Hunter Lee Harris was 
graduated in 18^9, and his life of great promise ended soon after his grad- 
uation. Mr. Hayne Davis, of the class of 1888. has given a medal far the 
best essay bearing upon the Hague Tribunal. Mr. John Sprunt Hill, of 
the class of 1889, who established in 189(5 the Hill Prize in History, has 
given $4,000 for a fellowship in North Carolina History. 

The following changes in the faculty have been made: Dr George 
Howe has been elected Professor of Latin, in place of Dr. H. F. Linscott, 
who died during the past year: Dr. Thomas Ruffiu has been made full Pro 
sorof Law; Mr. E. K. Graham, formerly instructor, has been made Associate 
Profess >r of the English Language; Dr. R. O. E. Davis has been advanced 


to the position of [nstractor in Ohemistry; assistants for the ooming year: 
Messrs. L. 15. Lockharl and W. I\l Marriott, in Ohemistry; Mr. L. B. .Ww 
ell, in Anatomy and Pathology; Mr. J. r>. Oranmer, in anatomy; Mr. W. 
J. Gordon, in French. 

Medals and Prizes were awarded as follows: 

The Eolt Medal, Thomas Felix Hickerson; the Bume Medal, Nathan 
Wilson Walker; the Hill Prize, Robert Withington Herring; the Harris 
Prize, Joseph Flanner Patterson: the Greek Prize, Herbert Henry Moses; 
the Worth Prize, Curtis Ashley Byiium; the Library Prizes, Charles Phil- 
lips Russell, Edgar Samuel Williamson Dameron; the Magazine Prizes, 
Preston Camming, Jr., Harvey Hatcher Hughes; the Early English Text 
Society Prize, Nathan Wilson Walker; the Bingham Prize, Andrew Hall 
Johnston; the Bryan Prize, Robert Withington Herring; the Mangum 
Medal, Charles Edward Maddry; the Bradham Prize, Leonidas Coleman 

Reverend Howard E. Rondthaler, of the class of 1893, made a most touch- 
ing and helpful address in presenting to each member of the graduating 
class the University's last gift, a Bible. 

Degrees in course were conferred as follows: 

Bachelors of Arts: — Graham Harris Andrews, Green Ramsey Berkeley, 
Curtis Ashley Bynum, Milton Calder, Newton Fernando Farlow, A.B., 
(1 ail lord, 1H02. John Reston Giles, William Jones Gordon, William Archi- 
bald Graham, George Jackson Green, A.B., Elan College, 1902, Francis 
Sylvester Hassel, Bartholomew Fuller Huske, Charles Earl Johnson, Jr., 
George Lyle Jones, Harry Murray Jones, John Henry Mc Aden, Jr., Henry 
Richard McFadyen, Rufus Clegg Morrow, Arthur Lee Moser, A.B., 
Lenoir College, 1895, Lester Leonidas Parker, Edward Ray, John Kirkland 
Ross, Braston Isaiah Tart, Henry Gray Turner, Nathan Wilson Walker, 
Harold Whitehnrst. 

Bachelors of Philosophy: — Burke Haywood Bridgers, William Frederick 
Carr, Robert Beatty Collins, Preston Cumming, Gaston Gilbert Gallaway, 
Thomas Jackson Gold, Thomas Lenoir Gwyn, Frederick Moir Hanes, Rob- 
ert Withington Herring, Earle Pendleton Holt, James Wiley Horner, 
Zebulon Vance Judd. Charles Edward Maddry James Lathrop Morehead, 
Joseph Edmund Pearson, Harry Pelham Stevens, Roach Sidney Stewart, 
George Robert Ward, George William Willcox, Jesse Womble Willcox. 


Bachelors of Science:— Hugh Hammond Bennett. Edward Buehler 
Clement, Reuben Oscar Everett, Thomas Bledsoe Foust, Marshall Renfro 
Glenn, George Washington Graham, Jr., Edmund Alexander Hawes, Jr., 
Hazel Holland, Joshua John Skinner, James Battle Thorp, Jacob Tomlin- 
son, Hubert Raymond Weller. 

Bachelors of Laws:- Julius Fletcher Duncan, A.B., A.M., 1902, John 
Christoph Blucher Ehringhaus, A.B., 1901, James Breeden Gibson, A.B. 
Wo ford, 1901, Charles Upchurch Harris, Willliam Frank Smathers. 

Graduates in Pharmacy: — David Archie Bulluck, John Edward Koonce 
William Morgan Perry, Thomas Floyd Rhodes. 

Masters of Science: — Isaac Foust Harris, S.B., 1900, 1 vey Foreman Lewis, 
A.B., 1902. 

Masters of Arts: — John Kirkland Ross, A.B., 1903, George Phifer Stevens, 
A.B., 1902, Reston Stevenson, A.B., 1902. 

Doctor of Philosophy:— Royall Oscar Eugene Davis, Ph.B., 1901. 

Doctors of Medicine:* — Zebulon Marvin Caveness, Willis Dowd Gil- 
more, William DeBerniere McNider, Martin Luther Matthews. 


The following list of addresses, papers, books and other publications of 
members of the faculty, though incomplete, shows activity in many lines 
of useful work. It is limited to the year just ended . 
President F. P. Venable. 

The Educational Outlook. Cary High School. 

The Story of a Science. St. Mary's School. 

The Education of our People. Tarboro Graded School. 

The Value of an Education. South Atlantic Academy. 

The Duty before Us. Oak Ridge Institute. 

The Work of the University in the South. Southern Educational Con- 
ference at Richmond. 

The Value of Life. Commencement Address, University of Maryland. 

The Task of the Teacher. Address of President, Teachers 1 Assembly at 
Wrights ville. 

K. P. Battle. 

History of North Carolina in 1802. Wachovia Moravian. 

♦Conferred May 14, 1903, at the closing exeiv^cs of the Medical School. 


Raleigh and the Old Town of Bloomsbury. Booklet Series, Society of 
the Daughters of the Revolution. 

Condensed History of North Uarolina. February and March Nos. Home 
Magazine, Washington, I) C. 

Sketches and Notes to Letters of Nathaniel Macon, John Steele, Win.. 
Barry Grove, and .lames Hogg, .lanes Sprnnt Monograph, No, S. 

History of the two Monuments on the Campus of the University of 
North Carolina. University Magazine, December, 1902. 

Anecdotes of the North Carolina Bar, a lecture before the Summer Law 
School of the University, 1902. 

History of the Location and Opening of the University of North Caro- 
lina Address in Gerrard Hall, October 12, 1902. 

Points of Correspondence between English and North Carolina History. 
St. Mary's School. 

J. W. Gore. 

Wireless Telegraphy. Electrical World and Engineer, Vol. XL., No. 2. 

The Sun. Faculty lecture, January 14, 1903. 

The Sun. Baptist Female University, April 4, 1903. 

Thomas Hume. 

King Alfred University Summer School June 30, 1902. 

The Hymns of the Ages Waynesboro, Va. 

History and Prophecy. Waynes ville, Va. 

The Unspeakable Gift. Staunton, Va. 

Bunyan's Experience. Staunton, Va. 

From Mystery Play to Shakspere. The Association as a Spiritual 
Power. The Literary Study of the Bible .— Elon College, October 21-22, 1902. 

The Hamlet-Problem. The Book Club, Wilson. 

The Evolution of Comedy. The Shakspere Club, Oxford. 

The Holy Grail. The Christian Reid Book Club, Salisbury. 

Certain Interesting Studies in Family History. Hollins Institute, Va. 

The Two Voices: Tennyson and Ecclesiastes. Hollins Institute, Va. 

Missions and Social Reforms. Y. M. C. A. University of North Carolina. 

Shakspere's England in his Hamlet. St. Mary's School. 

The Literary Study of the Bible Atlantic Educational Journal, March, 

The Huguenots and Some of their Family Connections in Virginia and 
North Carolina. University Magazine, March 1903. 

The Child in the Temple. Commencement Discourse, Liberty Normal 
College, N. C. 

An Ancient Saint. Liberty Normal College. 

William Cain. 
On the Algebraic form %. Mitchell Sci. Soc. Journal, Vol. XIX, part 1. 


Note on the Imaginary Roots of a Cubic. Mitchell Sci. Soc. Journal, 
Vol. XIX, part. 2. 

R. H. Whitehead. 

Histogenesis of Suprarenal Capsule. Association of American Anato- 
mists, Washington, D. C. 

E. V. Howell. 

A Review of the Work on Syrup Ferrous Iodide and a new Method of 
preparing. N. C. Pharm. Association, Morehead City, N. C. 

Our Trade Mark Laws and the Trend of Recent Decisions. Pharmaceut- 
ical Era, May, 1903. 

A New Alkaloidal Test. Bulletin of Pharmacy. 

Pharmaceutical Synonyms of Two Hundred Years Ago. N. C. Pharm. 
Association, Morehead City, N. C. 

A Review of the English Physician, by Nicholaus Culpepper, London, 
1653. N. C. Pharm. Association. 


Pure Scholarship; Its Place in Civilization. South Atlantic Quarterly, 
Vol. I, 341. Reprinted in University Magazine, February, 1903. 

Charles Baskerville. 

One of Life's Problems. Faculty lecture, April 2, 1903. 

The Rare Earth Crusade; What it portends, Scientifically and Techni- 
cally. The Chemists' Club, N. Y. 

Mercurous Sulphide. N. C. Section, Amer. Chem. Soc. 

Recent Investigations of the Rare Earths in the Chemical Laboratory of 
the University of N. C. Before the same. Science, NewSer., Vol. XVII., 
pp. 772-781. 

C. Alphonso Smith. 

Literature and Oratory in the South. Senate and House of Representa- 
tives of Louisiana, June, 1902. 

An English- German Conversation Book. In collaboration with Dr. Gus- 
tav Kriiger, Berlin. D. C. Heath & Co., Boston, June, 1902. 

A Great Opportunity. Atlantic Educational Journal, July, 1902. 

Literature in the Schools. Atlantic Educational Journal, August, 1902. 

The Novel in America. Central High School, Washington, D. C, 
November 23, 1902. Published by Teachers' Annuity and Aid Association , 
District of Columbia. 

Why Young Men Should Study Shakespeare. Published by the Univer- 
sity Society, N. Y., November, 1902. 

Bible Study . University Magazine, December, 1902. Reprinted in Pres- 


bjterian Standard, Janaoary 7, L908. Republished i>y eztraots m Liters 
rv Digest, N. V., January 84, L903. 

a. Tentative Generalization in English Syntax. Modem Language As 
Booiation of America, Baltimore, Md. 

A Course in Modern English, a Grammar for the Common Schools. B. 
F. Johnson Publishing Co., July, 190;}. 


Boring Algae as Agents in the Disintegration of Corals. Bull. Amer. 
Mus. Nat, Hist., Vol. XVI. No. 25. 

The Morphology of the Madreporaria, II. Increase of, Mesenteries in 
Madrepora beyond the Protocnemic Stage. Johns Hopkins University 
Circulars, Vol. XXI., No. 157; Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. X. 

The Morphology of the Madreporaria, III. The Significance of Budding 
and Fission. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. X. 

On the Actiniau Bun'odeopsis globulifera, Verrill. Trans. Linn. Vol. 
VIII, Pt. 9, Series 2. Zool. 

West Indian Madreporarian Polyps. Mem. Nat. Acad. Sciences, Vol. 
VIII., 7th Mem. 

The Morphology of the Madreporaria, IV. Fissiparous Gemmation. 
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., Series 7, Vol. XI. 

A Method of Studying the Septal Sequence in Fossil Corals. Mitchell 
Sci. Soc. Jour., Vol. XIX, part 1. 

Septal Seqence in Corals. Science, March, 27, 1903. 

Tropical Marine Laboratory for Research. Science, May 29, 1903. 

A. S. Wheeler. 

Qualitative Chemical Analysis. F. P. Venable, Fourth Edition, revised 
by A. S. Wheeler University Publishing Co. 

Condensation of Chloral with the Nitranilines. With H. R. Weller. 
Journal American Chemical Society XXIV., 1063. 

Science at Pittsburg. University Magazine, December 1902. 

Note on the Bromidation of Heptane. Journal American Chemical So- 
ciety XXV., 532. 

Certain Derivatives of Trichlorotliylidenedi-p-nitrophenamene. With 
M. R. Glenn. N. C. Section, American Chemical Society. 

The Determination of Glycerine. With H. R. Weller. Before the 

C. L. Raper. 

North Carolina, a Study in English Colonial Government. 
J. D. Bruner. 

Chateaubriand's Le Dernier Abencerage. American Book Co. 
Literary Attractions of the Bible. Faculty Lecture, Gerrard Hall. 


A. Henderson. 

On the Construction of a Double-six. American Mathematical Society, 
Armour Institute. 

On the Graphic Representation of the Straight Lines upon the Twenty- 
one different Types of the Cubic Surface. American Mathematical Socie- 
ty, Amour Institute. 

Two Simple Constructions for finding the Foci of an Hyperbola, given the 
Asymptotes and a Point on, or a tangent to, the Curve. American Math- 
ematical Monthly, November, 1902. 

A Method for Constructing an Hyperbola, given the Asymptotes and a 
Focus. American Mathematical Monthly, December, 1902. 

The Derivation of the Brianchon Configuration from Two Spatial Point- 
triads. American Mathematical Monthly, February, 1903. 

Harmonic Pairs in the Complex Plane. A Geometrical Treatment of 
Certain Maps defined by the Equation of Correspondence w = % (z -f- I ) . 
American Mathematical Monthly, April, 1903. 

J. E. Mills. 

Note on the Thermodynanical Calculation of Latent Heat. N. C. Sec- 
tion, American Chemical Society. 

Molecular Attraction. Before the same. 

M. C. S. Noble. 

Annual Oration before Grand Lodge of Masons at Raleigh, N. C, Jan- 
uary, 1903. 

Address before Durham County Teachers' Association, April 1903, Meth- 
od in Teaching. 

Address before Orange County Teachers' Association, The Teaching of 
History. May, 1903. 

Address at Educational mass meeting, Fayette ville, Local Tax and Public 
Schools. May, 1903. 

Commencement address at Nashville Institute, Education and Self-made 
Men. May, 1903. 

Address before Summer School at Raleigh, July, 1903, on ' 'The Battle 
of Moore's Creek. 


[n the Learned Societies of the University, the following papers have 
been presented during the year: 


Slavery in the United States; Its Origin, History, and Effects, Rev. J. 
William Jones. 

Capture of Fort Fisher, Mr. G. W. Graham, Jr. 

Career of Gen. Ramseur, Mr. R. B. Collins. 

Life of Chief Justice Thos. Ruffin, Mr. C. H. Sloan. 

Life of William A. Graham, Mr. E. L. Sawyer. 

Recent Historical Publications, Mr. C. L. Raper. 

History of the Revolutionary Land Warrants in Tennessee belonging to 
the University, Mr. K. P. Battle. 

The Southampton Insurrection, Mr. C. J. Hendley. 

Life of Gen. J. P. Henderson, Mr. K. P. Nixon. 

Fanning's Conduct in Moore and Chatham, Mr. G. Willcox. 

Review of "The Harbinger," the first journal published by the Uni- 
versity in 1834- '35, Mr. K. P. Battle. 

The Ku-Klux-Klan, Mr. G. V. Roberts. 

The Eve of the Revolution in North Carolina, Mr. C. L. Raper. 

The Proprietary Judicial System, Mr. R. W. Herring. 

The Life of Andrew Johnston, Mr. R. O. Everett. 

A Daring Confederate Attack, Mr. K. P. Battle. 


143rd -148th meetings: 

A New Species of Mosquito, Mr. W. C. Coker. 

Suggested Modification of the Law of Dulong and Petit, Mr. J. E. Mills. 

Coral Boring Algae, Mr. J. E. Duerden. 

Announcement by the Secretary of the Approaching Washington Meet- 
ing of the A. A. A. S. 

Wireless Transmission of Electrical Energy, Mr. J. W. Gore. 

Improved Method for Halogen Determination, Mr. R. O. E. Davis. 

Hatteras Island (stereopticon) , Mr. Collier Cobb. 

Some Studies in the Movement of Sand Waves (Illustrated), Mr. Collier 

The Work of the Beaufort Laborary, Mr. C. A. Shore. 

The Washington Meeting of the American Association for the Advance- 
ment of Science, Mr. Chas. Baskerville. 

Methods of Studying the Rare Earths, Mr. Chas Baskerville. 

The Biological Blood Test, Mr. R. H. Whitehead. 

Recent Work on Corals, Mr. J. E. Duerden. 


A Static Transformer, Mr. J. W. Gore. 

New or Little Known Plants of the Chapel Hill Region, Mr. C. W. 

The Electro-Chemical Industry, Mr. J. E. Mills. 

A New Use of the Mercury Vapour Tube, Mr. J. W. Gore. 

The Prices of Anthracite in the United States, 1850-1902, Mr. C. L. Raper. 

Note on the Imaginary Root of a Certain Conic, Mr. Wm. Cain. 

Habits of North Carolina Woodpeckers, Mr. I. F. Lewis. 


The Influence of Shakspere's Predecessors on his Historical Drama, Mr. 
Thos. Hume. 

The Trilogy of Henry IV and Henry V, in Relation to Holinshed and 
the Famous Victories of Henry V, Miss E. J. Faison. 

Hotspur in Ballad and Chronicle, Compared with Shakspere, Mr. W. J. 

Glendower, Historical and Ideal, Mr. R. C. Morrow. 

Social Coloring in Henry IV and Henry V, Mr. W. C. Rankin. 

The Lyrical Element in Romeo and Juliet, Mr. F. Archer. 

The Relation of the Northern Mythology to the Romantic Revival, Mr. 
N. W. Walker. 

Reflections of Shakspere's Self and his England in Hamlet, Mr. Thos. 

The Shakspere- Bacon Question, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

Romeo and Juliet, Tragedy or Comedy? Mr. H. R. McFadyen. 

The Dramatic Elements in Chatterton's Life and Work, Mr. W. P. 


Shakspere and his England in Hamlet, Mr. Thos. Hume. 

Differences in Syntax between King James' Version and the Recent 
American Revision, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

The Adjective and Noun in Horace, Odes I, Mr. Hadzits. 

The Order of Words as an Explanation of Certain Problems in English 
Syntax, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 

Certain Points of Comparison between Ancient and Modern Greek, Mr. 


The Novel in Modern Life, Mr. C. Alphonso Smith. 
The Origin and Improvement of Some Cultivated Plants, Mr. W. C. 

Some Every -Day Law, Mr. Thos. Rufnn. 

Ethnological and Sociological Musings in the Tropics, Mr. J. E. Duerden. 

Some Theories as to the Constitution of Matter, President Venable. 



Abstract of thesis presented by Mr. R O. E. Davis for the degree of Doc- 
tor of Philosophy. 

The atomic weight of this element has been determined with varying 
results. The accepted value (232.6) is dependent upon analyses 6f the 
sulphates, oxalates, formate, acetate and acetonylacetonate, which are sub- 
ject to criticism. These facts are elaborated Further, in view of the 
recent work of Brauuer and Baskorville pointing toward the complexity of 
the element, as well as the illy understood property of radio-activity, which 
appears not to belong to pure thorium, a redetermination of its atomic mass 
deemed advisable. 

Several kilograms of thorium compounds (generously provided by Mr . 
H. S. Miner, Chemist to the Welsbach Lighting Co., Gloucester City, N. 
Y.) and repurified by the several acceptable methods, the purity being 
proved by spectroscopic examination. 

Certain of the older methods for determining the atomic weight, especi- 
ally the synthesis of the sulphate from the oxide, experimentally yielded 
results not concordant. 

It was decided to prepare the tetrachloride and determine its ratio to 
the oxide. Numerous preliminary experiments caused the adoption of the 
following: mixing pure thorium oxide with the purest carbon to be had 
from crystallized rock candy in a carbon boat and subjecting it to strong 
heat in a stream of dry chlorine, volatilizing away Berzelius' "'weisser 
dampf " and subliming the pure tetrachloride in a hard glass tube; evapo- 
rating a water solution of this chloride in counterpoised platinum crucibles 
and igniting to a constant weight. The many precautions taken in dry- 
ing the ohlorine, analyzing it, preparation of pure distilled water, etc., 
are given, as well as the procedure of weighing with corrected weights by 
vibration etc. 

Concordant results not resulting, the difficulty was thought to be in the 
method, so a prolonged series of investigations on a new method for de- 
terminining the halogen was instituted. The method settled upon was 
essentially quick precipitations by very pure silver nitrate in aldehyde free 
absolute alcohol. A detailed account of the difficulties encountered is 
given. Still the results were not concordant. 

By tedious experimentation it was proved that the hard glass tube was 


attacked and the tetrachloride became contaminated with other chlorides. 
A correction was applied in three instances, but as it was desirable to avoid 
such corrections, which could cause skepticism as to the value arrived at, 
the work was temporarily discontinued awaiting the arrival of quartz 
tubes, which were making according to specifications in Germany. It is 
hoped that the work may be completed during the vacation. 


The Library has continued its growth of usefulness to the University 
during the year. Sixteen hundred new volumes were catalogued and 
placed upon its shelves and five thousand volumes, embracing works on 
History, Education, Description and Travel, and the Fine Arts, were re- 
catalogued. The English publications of the Elisha Mitchell collection 
were re-catalogued also. Fourteen thousand books were issued to six hun- 
dred and fifty subscribers, and works of reference were constantly used in 
the Library. Fifty debate queries, with full references, were posted, and 
subject matter for theses and debates prepared away from the Univer- 
sity, was furnished in several instances. A few changes in the equip- 
ment of the Library were also made. A new cork carpet was placed 
upon the main floor, four additional step-ladders were provided, a general 
diagram of alcoves and sections was framed and preced near the dictionary 
catalogue, and a four-page pamphlet, setting forth the best methods of 
using the Library, was printed and distributed among the subscribers. 
Two new assistants were added to the Library force, and everything pos- 
sible was done to make the books in the Library accessible. In order to 
increase the interest of the student body in systematic reading, the Library 
Reading Course prizes, established in 1902 and awarded for the first time 
at the recent commencement, were offered again for the coming year. 


'24. — At the last meeting of the Modern Language Association Dr. Kern, 
of Johns Hopkins, read a paper entitled 'A Pioneer in the study of Anglo- 
Saxon." The pioneer was Edward Dromgoole Sims, of the class of 1824. 

THE rvivi.i;-i rv RECORD 31 

Be was a tutor here, L825- '27, and afterwards served as professor in Rao 
dolph Maeon College and ill the University of Alabama. He left in maim 
script an Anglo-Saxon Grammar, and s >me parts of an Anglo-Saxon Dic- 

'34. — The December number of The University Magazine contained a por- 
trait of Colonel R. B Oreeev. and an account, written by him, of life at 
the University seventy years ago. It is believed that Colonel Creecy is 
the oldest living graduate of the University. 

'50. — A portrait of Dr. John Manning was presented to the Law School 
April 16th by his son, James S. Manning, '79. The presentation address 
was made by Hon. H. A. Foushee, and Hon. H. A. London accepted the 
portrait for the School. 

'64 — Judge Walter Clark took the oath as Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court January 1st. It is his fifth judicial commission. When this term 
is completed, he will have been in judicial service continuously for twen- 
ty-seven years. 

'68. — Haiinis Taylor, former minister to Spain, has been appointed pro- 
fessor of constitutional law in Columbian University. He is special coun- 
sel for the government before the Spanish Treaty Claims Commission. 
The University of Dublin has conferred upon him the Degree of Doctor of 
Laws. His Alma Mater gave him the same degree in 1890. 

'81. — Bulletin No. 47 of the Irrigation Papers of the U. S. Geological 
Survey contains a paper by John W . Hays on the determination of the 
power of streams. 

'87. — Walter E. Borden has been elected Vice President of the Ameri- 
can Bankers' Association. 

'95. — Dr. H. H. Home, now a professor of Dartmouth, is a member of 
the faculty of the University Summer School. 

Dr. Thomas R. Little won the prize offered by the North Carolina 
Medical Association for the best series of papers at the examination held 
at Hot Springs in June. 

'96. — Fred L. Carr, who served for the second time as Representative 
from Greene county, has been chosen by Senator Overman as his secretary. 


The Yackety-Yack for this year is dedicated to George Stephens, and 
contains his portrait and an appreciative sketch of his life. 

Med. 1900.— Dr. F. K. Cooke is dean of the Medical Department of 
Wake Forest College. 

1901— E. C. Gudger and F. H. Leinly ('02) have been appointed As- 
sistant Paymasters in the U. S. Mavy. The former is in the Philippines, 
the latter is on the monitor Arkansas. 

Ex- 1902. — Henry Winston has just won a championship in tennis at 
West Point. He is on the ball nine, and leads his class in English. 

Misses Imogen Stone, Susan W. Moses, and Mabel Hale were among the 
fourteen students elected to membership in Phi Beta Kappa at Cornell this 


Miss Lula Davis Hawkins and Dr. Joel D. Whitaker, at Ridge way, N. 
C, Jan. 28, 1903. 

Miss Julia Leslie Covert and Mr. Lucius Polk McGehee, at Digby, Nova 
Scotia, Jan. 28, 1903. 

Mrs. Mary Ruffiu Hill and Hon. Charles R. Thomas, at Hillsboro, 
N. C, Jan. 7, 1903. 

Miss Augusta Webb Ford and Mr William J. Andrews, at Covington, 
Ky., Jan. 7, 1903. 

Miss Ida Reaves Batchelor and Mr. S. F. Austin, at Nashville, N. C, 
Jan. 14, 1903. 

Miss Lily M. Heller and Dr. Thomas R. Little, at Bethlehem, Pa., 
Feb. 19, 1903. 

Miss Maude Horney and Mr. Walter Murphy, at Boston, March 8, 1903. 

Miss Ruby Butcher and Mr. Thaddeus W. Jones, at Guthrie, Oklahoma, 
May 8, 1903. 

Miss Mary Seaton Hay and Mr. William Branch Jones, at Raleigh, N. 
C, April 22, 1903. 

THE university EBBOORD 83 

Miss Rose Adams and Mr. Paul Jones, at TarbOTO, N. C, April 80, 1?' ( >:;. 

Miss Bessie Estelle Dorsey and Mr. William McKee Gulick, at Oxford, 
N. C., June 3, L908. 

Miss Beulali Bagby and Mr. Wiley H. Swift, at High Point, N. C, 
June 3, 1903. 

Miss Mamie Evelyn Robbins and Mr. Graham Woodard, at Wilson, N. 
C, June 4, 1903. 

Miss Mabel Mercer Hill and Dr. Charles Roberson, at Danville, Va., 
June 17, 1903. 

Miss Ethel Maye Lewis and Mr. Richard B. Arrington, at Durham, N. 
C, June 17, 1903. 

Miss Adele Virginia Bilisoly and Mr. William Henry Bagley, at Ports- 
mouth, Va., June 17, 1903. 

Miss Anna Mabel Vaughan and Mr. James Thomas Pugh, at Cambridge, 
Mass., June 24, 1903. 


The University of Pennsylvania conferred the degree of Doctor of Laws 
on President Venable at Commencement, June 17th. 

Professor W. D. Toy is a member of the executive committee of the 
Modern Language Association. 

The session of the Summer School of Law began June 10th. The class 
is of excellent quality, and bids fair to be also the largest ever here. 

In the examination held by the State Board of Pharmacy at Morehead 
City, Mr. P. A. Lee, of the University School of Pharmacy, passed the 
highest examination. Of the six who stood highest, five received their 
training here. 

Ths Summer School for Teachers opened June 15th, to continue four 
weeks. There is a faculty of twenty-four, most of them distinguished 
specialists, and forty-four courses are given . The attendance will reach two 
hundred, and probably more. 


Dr. W. C. Coker is chief of the botanical staff of the expedition organ- 
ized for a scientific survey of the Bahamas. Messrs. C. A. Shore, 1900, 
and F. M. Hanes, 1903, accompanied the expedition as assistants in botany. 

The Carnegie Institution has appropriated one thousand dollars for Dr. 
H. V. Wilson's use in researches on sponges, and the same amount for 
Dr. J. E. Duerden in his researches on corals. The National Academy of 
Science has appropriated $350.00 and the American Association $150.00 to 
Dr. Baskerville for his researches on thorium. 

The work of University teams in athletics has been more successful than 
in any former year. Georgetown men, who have played with all the lead- 
ing college nines, say that no college nine in the United States could beat 
the one which represented North Carolina this year. 

Sam. Morphis, a negro known and respected by all old students, died on 
the 8th of February. He had an accurate recollection of most of the men 
who were at the University between 1850 and 1880. For many years he own- 
ed the hack lines between Chapel Hill and Durham or Raleigh, and was 
always proud of the fact that he drove the hack that brought Zeb. Vance 
to the University, when he first came here as a student. 

The Chemical Department has recently received gifts from the following: 

The Welsbach Incandescent Lighting Co., a complete line of samples 
illustrating the manufacture of their incandescent lights and different 
types of their perfected lamps; also about $8,000 worth of rare earth prep- 

Kuttroff Pickhardt & Co., the American representatives of the Badische 
Anilin und Soda Fabrik, a large line of samples of coal tar dye stuffs. 

The Cassella Color Co., a line of samples illustrating the more used coal 
tar colors. 

Garrett & Co., Weldon, N. C, a line of samples illustrating the manu- 
facture of domestic wines. 

The Levering Coffee Co., Baltimore, a complete set of samples illustrat- 
ing their numerous grades of coffee and tea from all parts of the world. 

Dr. George Howe, elected to the chair of Latin, was born in Columbia, 
S. C. His father was a distinguished clergyman, and he is a nephew of 
President Woodrow Wilson. After graduation at Princeton, he taught 
for three years in New York with marked success; then spent three years 
in the University of Halle, taking ths degree of Ph.D. there. He is»now 


;it Oxford University. Dr. Howe's recommendations, all or most of then 
sent without his knowledge, are from men prominent in university and 
other lines, and bear uniform and high testimony to his attainments as 
a scholar, his qualifications as a teacher, and his attractive characteristics 

as a man 


Abernethy, Miss Elva May, Chapel Hill. 1900. Teacher. Born Sept. 
20, 1878, died at Advance, N. C, Feb. 21, 1903. 

Cowan, David Stone, Wilmington. 1850- '51. Rail Road Service, Died 
May 22, 1903. 

Harrison, Henry Hill, Littleton. 1900. Med. 1901. M. D. Died 1903. 

Hudson, Frank Sims, Cassville, Tenn. 1900-'03. Born Sept. 14, 1875, 
died May 15, 1903. 

Irion, Alfred Briggs, Cheneyville, La. A.B., 1855. C. S. A. Member 
of Legislature. Lawyer at Marksville, La. Judge of Circuit 
Court of Appeals. Representative in Congress. Born Feb. 18, 
1833, died May 21, 1903. 

Kenan, William Rand. Matriculated from Kenansville. 1860- '63. Ad- 
jutant 43rd N. C. Regt., C. S. A. Lawyer. Commission Mer- 
chant in Wilmington, N. C. Born 1845, died April 14, 1903. 

Lee, Thomas Jefferson, Clinton. 1855-'56. C. S. A. Journalist. Drug- 
gist. Born 1835, died May 1903. 

Pearsall, Matthew James. Matriculated from Clinton, N. C. 1889- '91. 
Lawyer, Moultrie, Ga. Born June 30, 1868, died May 6, 1903. 

Ruffin, John Kirkland. Matriculated from Alamance Co. A.B., 1854. 

Physician at Wilson, N. C. Surgeon C. S. A. Died May 21, 1903. 
Skinner, John Ludlow, Raleigh. 1888-'89. Cotton Buying Business. 

Born Sept. 7, 1870, died February 21, 1903. 

Whitfield, Cicero. Matriculated from Lenoir Co. A. B., 1860. Sergeant 
C. S. A. Turpentine cropper, Salter's, S. C. 

3 0112 105882440 


THE Fall Term of the University of 
North Carolina will begin Sep- 
tember 7th, 1903; the Spring Term, 
January 2nd, 1904. There is a recess 
of about ten days at Christmas. Com- 
mencement will be on June 3, 1903. 

2. Applicants for admission into the 
University will be examined Septem- 
ber 7th, 8th and 9th, 1903. They 
should reach Chapel Hill one or more 
days before the examination period. 

3. Lectures in the Academic and in 
the Professional Schools will begin 
September 10th, 1903. 

4. For the Catalogue or for detailed 
information, address 

F. P. VKNABLE, President 

University of North Carolina 
Chapel Hill